Modular Building Institute
Essential Infrastructure During COVID-19 Outbreak | Modular Building Institute

Essential Infrastructure Standards During Covid-19 Emergency

Jump to a state or province.

Alberta   Arizona   British Columbia   California   Colorado
Florida   Georgia   Massachusetts   Illinois   Indiana
Maryland   Michigan   Nevada   New Jersey   New York
North Carolina   Ohio   Oregon   Quebec   South Carolina
Texas   Virginia   Washington

U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security CISA establishes 14 categories for “essential infrastructure”:

  1. Healthcare and public health workers
  2. Law enforcement and first responders
  3. Food and agriculture (including restaurants)
  4. Energy
  5. Water and wastewater
  6. Transportation and logistics
  7. Public works
  8. Communications and IT
  9. Community government officials (elections, social workers, customs, etc.)
  10. Critical manufacturing (“Workers necessary for the manufacturing of materials and products needed for medical supply chains, transportation, energy, communications, food and agriculture, chemical manufacturing, nuclear facilities, the operation of dams, water and wastewater treatment, emergency services, and the defense industrial base.”)
  11. Hazardous Materials
  12. Financial and bank employees
  13. Chemical workers
  14. Defense industrial base


Besides social distancing and mandates against large gatherings, Alberta has not mandated business closures yet. Source


Arizona lists "Infrastructure operations, including food production, utility operators, construction and internet providers" as essential services. Source

British Columbia

No closures of construction businesses yet as BC Premier reluctantly weighs more dramatic measures. Source


California bases its essential workers list on the CISA list, including "construction of critical or strategic infrastructure, construction material suppliers". Source


Colorado Governor mandates that businesses move to teleworking options or reduce onsite staff by half. No specific mandated closures of construction-related businesses yet. Source


No mandated business closures yet in Florida. Source


Georgia does not have a non-essential business closure order in place yet. Source


Building and construction listed among “essential business” not affected by Governor’s stay-at-home order. Source


Construction and manufacturers of components necessary for essential businesses are allowed to remain open during Illinois stay-at-home order. Source


Gov. Hogan’s orders are based on the CISA list of “essential infrastructure workers” from the DHS. Source


The following are considered "essential" in Massachusetts:

  • Hospitals and healthcare facilities,
  • Law enforcement, public safety agencies
  • Grocery stores
  • Pharmacies
  • Package stores
  • Restaurants (take-out and delivery only)
  • Farmers markets and farm stands
  • Pet Stores
  • Animal vets
  • Convenience stores
  • Auto supply stores and auto repair stores
  • Hardware and home improvement stores
  • Home appliance stores
  • Medical marijuana facilities
  • Hotels
  • Laundromats and laundry services
  • News media
  • Critical manufacturing
  • Transportation
  • Energy
  • Water and wastewater
  • Public Works
  • Communications and information technology
  • Financial services
  • Defense industry base
  • Chemical manufacturing and hazardous materials
  • Other designated community based essential function and government operations

Construction has been halted in the cities of Boston and Cambridge.


The following are considered essential services in Michigan:

  • Health care, public health
  • Law enforcement and first responders
  • Food and agriculture
  • Energy
  • Transportation and logistics
  • Public works
  • Communications, information technology and news media
  • Community-based government operations and essential functions
  • Critical manufacturing
  • Hazardous materials
  • Financial services
  • Chemical supply chains/safety
  • Defense industrial base
  • Child care (licensed or unlicensed workers who have arraigned to care for kids/dependents of critical infrastructure workers)
  • Suppliers/distribution centers/service providers
  • Businesses/operations employing critical infrastructure workers needed to support or facilitate the work of its critical infrastructure workers
  • Insurance industry
  • Critical labor union function positions
  • Workers/volunteers in the religious or private sector who provide food shelter and life necessities for the needy or economically needy or those with disabilities



It is unclear whether construction is "essential" or "non-essential". It is not included in either of the lists from the Governor's office. Source

New Jersey

Essential services in New Jersey include grocery stores, pharmacies, gas stations, convenience stores, hardware stores, banks, laundromats, pet stores, liquor stores, auto repair and mechanic shops, printing and office supply stores, and mail and delivery stores.
“Additionally, the order mandates that all businesses or non-profits, wherever practicable, must accommodate their workforce for telework or work-from-home arrangements. To the extent a business or non-profit has employees that cannot perform their functions via telework or work-from-home arrangements, the business or non-profit should make best efforts to reduce staff on site to the minimal number necessary to ensure that essential operations can continue. Examples of employees who need to be present at their work site in order to perform their job duties include, but are not limited to, law enforcement officers, fire fighters, other first responders, cashiers or store clerks, construction workers, utility workers, repair workers, warehouse workers, lab researchers, IT maintenance workers, janitorial and custodial staff, and certain administrative staff.” Source

New York

New York Governor Cuomo's stay-at-home mandates do not apply to a number of "essential infrastructure" practices. Among those listed is Construction including "skilled trades such as electricians, plumbers, and other related construction firms and professionals for essential infrastructure or for emergency repair and safety purposes" Source

North Carolina

Gov. Cooper has only mandated closure of “non-essential” businesses, primarily in the Entertainment sector. Construction and manufacturing can continue. Source


Construction (including but not limited to, construction of long-term care facilities, public works construction, school construction, essential business construction, and housing construction) is listed among "essential services". Source


Many entertainment and non-essential retail businesses are mandated to close. Remaining businesses must implement telework options when available or appoint one employee to specifically enforce social distancing at the worksite if telework is not available. Source


Quebec has mandated workers to stay home from all but essential businesses. According to the list above, this includes “construction firms for emergency dispatching or security purposes”. No other mention of construction firms are made in the list of exceptions for the construction sector. Source

South Carolina

“All non-essential state employees shall stay home from work,” South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster said. For non-state employees, Governor Henry McMaster is still urging anyone who can work from home to do so. If that’s not possible, he’s asking employers to take extra precautions to keep their workers safe.” Source


No mandated closure of construction or manufacturing businesses in Texas. Source


"The construction industry and construction supply stores are also considered essential service." Source


Only essential businesses remain open, based on the CISA standard of “essential infrastructure”. Includes “construction of critical or strategic infrastructure”. Source

Pinegrow Bootstrap Blocks